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Environmental Politics in the Middle East$
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Harry Verhoeven

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916688

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916688.001.0001

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Greening Gulf Landscapes

Greening Gulf Landscapes

Economic Opportunities, Social Trade-Offs, and Sustainability Challenges

(p.99) 4 Greening Gulf Landscapes
Environmental Politics in the Middle East

Ali El-Keblawy

Oxford University Press

Gulf states have paid too much effort toward the greening of cities and too little to fundamentally changing the way they see agricultural lands and deteriorated natural habitats. Most of the greening programs prioritise techniques and interventions, such as introducing exotic plants, that are not adapted to the local environments. The result is that greening projects, especially those in deserts, have failed and proven unsustainable. This chapter discuss what the alternative -maintaining sustainable green desert landscapes- might look like. Proposed innovations include using native trees, instead of exotics, and introducing genetically modified crops designed to tolerate the abiotic stresses and salt tolerant plants (halophytes) to reduce the pressure on fresh water resources

Keywords:   Artificial forests, Greening deserts, Sustainable landscapes, Water scarcity, Water use efficiency 

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