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Urban Health

Sandro Galea, Catherine K. Ettman, and David Vlahov

Abstract

Urban health is the study of the health of urban populations. More than half the world’s population is now living in urban areas, and two-thirds of the world’s population will live in cities by 2030. This means that characteristics of cities—including, for example, features of the built environment—are shared by a large proportion of the global population. These characteristics ultimately shape how most of us think, feel, and behave; they shape what we eat and drink; and, inevitably, they shape our health. The ubiquity of urban exposures suggests that a full understanding of the features of ur ... More

Keywords: cities, health, population health, built environment

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190915858
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190915858.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Sandro Galea, editor
Robert A. Knox Professor and Dean, Boston University School of Public Health

Catherine K. Ettman, editor
Chief of Staff, Boston University School of Public Health

David Vlahov, editor
Professor and Associate Dean for Research, Yale University School of Nursing

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Contents

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Section I Why Cities, Why Health?

1 The Present and Future of Cities

Sandro Galea, Catherine K. Ettman, and David Vlahov

2 Why Cities and Health?

Catherine K. Ettman, David Vlahov, and Sandro Galea

Section II Health Challenges and Opportunities in Cities

3 Economic Conditions

Atheendar S. Venkataramani and Alexander C. Tsai

5 Housing

Roshanak Mehdipanah, Alexa K. Eisenberg, and Amy J. Schulz

6 Transport and Health

Mark Nieuwenhuijsen and Haneen Khreis

7 Aging Populations

Kathleen A. Cagney

9 Inequities in Cities and in Urban Health

Ben Brisbois, Patricia O’Campo, and Janisha Kamalanathan

10 Migration

Sabrina Hermosilla and Tahilia J. Rebello

11 Education

Jennifer Karas Montez and Amy Ellen Schwartz

13 Pollution

Jonathan M. Samet

15 Crime and Criminal Justice in Cities

Matt Vogel and Steven F. Messner

16 Improving Access to Healthy Food in Cities

Monica L. Wang and Marisa Otis

17 Disasters

James M. Shultz

Section III Methods and Approaches to Understanding Health in Cities

19 A Systems Science Approach to Urban Health

Danielle C. Ompad and Yesim Tozan

20 Sociology

Lei Jin, Chenyu Ye, and Eric Fong

21 Urban Planning

Helen Pineo, Nici Zimmermann, and Mike Davies

22 Health Services Research

Michael K. Gusmano

24 Multilevel Perspectives on Urban Health

Dustin T. Duncan, Yazan A. Al-Ajlouni, Ilgaz Hisirci, and Basile Chaix

26 Social Networks

Abby E. Rudolph

27 Urban Design

Oliver Gruebner and Layla McCay

28 Urban Land Use and Health

Rohan Simkin and Karen C. Seto

29 Community-Based Participatory Research

Barbara A. Israel, Amy J. Schulz, Chris M. Coombe, Edith A. Parker, Angela G. Reyes, Zachary Rowe, and Richard L. Lichtenstein

Section IV Case Studies in Urban Health

31 The Partnership for Healthy Cities

Ariella Rojhani, Charity Hung, Sally Chew, Christina Honeysett, Sandra Mullin, and Adam Karpati

32 CityHealth

Brian C. Castrucci, Elizabeth A. Corcoran, Shelley L. Hearne, Katie Keith, Elizabeth Voyles, and Catherine Patterson

33 New York City

Karen Lee

34 Boston

Russ Lopez

35 Richmond, California

Jason Corburn and Joseph S. Griffin

36 Case Studies in Urban Health

Alex Ezeh and Blessing Mberu

37 Observatory for Urban Health in Belo Horizonte City

Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa and Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche

38 Rapid Urbanization in China

Brian J. Hall, Teng Ieng Leong, and Wen Chen

39 Regional Planning for Health

David Siscovick, Mandu Sen, and Chris Jones

40 Going Biophilic

Jie Yin and John D. Spengler

Section V The Future of Cities, the Future of Health

41 City Health Departments

Daniel Kass, Thomas Matte, and Adam Karpati

43 Teaching Urban Health

Nicholas Freudenberg

44 Urban Health

David Vlahov, Catherine K. Ettman, and Sandro Galea

End Matter