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Democratic PracticeOrigins of the Iberian Divide in Political Inclusion$
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Robert M. Fishman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190912871

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190912871.001.0001

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How the Cultural Frameworks Underpinning Democratic Practice Shaped the Politics of Crisis

How the Cultural Frameworks Underpinning Democratic Practice Shaped the Politics of Crisis

Testing the Argument in the Age of Austerity

Chapter:
(p.133) Chapter 5 How the Cultural Frameworks Underpinning Democratic Practice Shaped the Politics of Crisis
Source:
Democratic Practice
Author(s):

Robert M. Fishman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190912871.003.0005

This chapter examines major differences between Portugal and Spain in the politics of crisis during and after the Great Recession and argues that the overall pattern of contrast is largely explained by the book’s central theoretical claims. In the economic arena Portugal has managed to diminish inequality during the crisis, whereas in Spain inequality has grown substantially during this period. This pattern of difference is evident under governments of both the Left and the Right. The chapter specifies how the Portuguese tendency to understand democracy in a manner that incorporates protest movements into the essence of the political system encouraged governments to address popular concerns in ways that influenced the distributional impact of crisis. In Spain the pattern was quite different. Consequences for the party systems of the two cases are also discussed. Portugal’s generally inclusive democratic practice tended to protect democratic institutions from decline during the economic crisis.

Keywords:   Euro, crisis, Great Recession, austerity, politics, inequality, anti-austerity movements, party system change, Spain, Portugal

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