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Religious Freedom in IslamThe Fate of a Universal Human Right in the Muslim World Today$
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Daniel Philpott

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190908188

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190908188.001.0001

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Secular Repressive States in the Muslim World

Secular Repressive States in the Muslim World

(p.77) 3 Secular Repressive States in the Muslim World
Religious Freedom in Islam

Daniel Philpott

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues the book’s analysis of religious freedom in Muslim-majority states by looking at the second of three categories of regimes that are defined by their political theology. This category is secular repressive states, of which there are 15. It defines the basic features of secular repressive states, portraying them through the concept of negative secularism. It looks particularly closely at Turkey, the standard-bearer of repressive secularism, and at Egypt, also an important case. It also focuses on other countries of this kind in the Arab world and in Central Asia, two regions where they are concentrated. This category of state shows that Islam is not the only source of repression in the Muslim-majority world, thus adding to the picture of diversity begun in the previous chapter.

Keywords:   secular repressive, negative secularism, diversity, Turkey, Egypt

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