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The Third DisestablishmentChurch, State, and American Culture, 1940-1975$
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Steven K. Green

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190908140

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190908140.001.0001

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The 1950s: Part One

The 1950s: Part One

(p.147) 4 The 1950s: Part One
The Third Disestablishment

Steven K. Green

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the Protestant–Catholic tensions of the early 1950s and the meteoric rise of Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State (POAU) and its early litigation involving “captive schools.” It examines early criticism of POAU for its alleged anti-Catholicism. It then discusses President Truman’s unsuccessful attempt to appoint an ambassador to the Vatican, which met a groundswell of opposition among Protestants. The chapter then segues to consider the two leading church–state cases heard by the Supreme Court: the first involving a reconsideration of its released-time holding, and the second involving a sensational movie censorship controversy (“The Miracle case”).

Keywords:   Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State, POAU, Glenn Archer, Paul Blanshard, Justice William Douglas, censorship, The Miracle, Legion of Decency, Cardinal Francis Spellman, President Harry Truman

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