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The Greening of AntarcticaAssembling an International Environment$
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Alessandro Antonello

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190907174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190907174.001.0001

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The Plenitude of Nature and Sovereignty

The Plenitude of Nature and Sovereignty

Boundaries of Insiders and Outsiders

(p.139) 5 The Plenitude of Nature and Sovereignty
The Greening of Antarctica

Alessandro Antonello

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates how the foundational tension of Antarctic geopolitics over sovereignty and territory fared in the context of discussions on mineral and marine living resources in the 1970s. It investigates how the Antarctic Treaty parties fought off concerted interests from forums and states outside the treaty, including the Non-Aligned Movement within the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea and the Food and Agriculture Organization, and growing international environmentalist organizations. It also investigates how the Antarctic Treaty parties tried to shift the balance of power among themselves, especially between the claimant and nonclaimant states. In the end, the Antarctic Treaty parties as a whole secured the treaty from outside forces, and the claimant states successfully perpetuated their ideas about sovereignty and territory in the changing context of the UN Law of the Sea against the acquiescent nonclaimants.

Keywords:   Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, Food and Agriculture Organization, sovereignty, United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, Non-Aligned Movement, territoriality, environmental NGOs

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