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The Greening of AntarcticaAssembling an International Environment$
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Alessandro Antonello

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190907174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190907174.001.0001

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Principles for “Unprincipled Men”

Principles for “Unprincipled Men”

Filling the Household of Antarctic Nature

(p.19) 1 Principles for “Unprincipled Men”
The Greening of Antarctica

Alessandro Antonello

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates the scientific arguments for and diplomatic negotiation of the conservation of Antarctic wildlife between 1959 and 1964. The subject of wildlife conservation was raised by biologists working within the newly created Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), and they proposed a series of measures to the Antarctic Treaty consultative parties. The treaty parties negotiated the matter, passing the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora in 1964. This chapter argues that nature conservation became a tool of advancement and power both for biologists, who wanted institutional standing within the Antarctic scientific community, and for diplomats, who wanted to fill the gaps and silences of the Antarctic Treaty with meaning and with structures for controlling each other. The Agreed Measures were the first step away from the geophysical conception of Antarctica that undergirded the negotiation of the Antarctic Treaty.

Keywords:   Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, AMCAFF, conservation, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, SCAR, biological studies

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