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Kant and the Science of LogicA Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction$
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Huaping Lu-Adler

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190907136

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190907136.001.0001

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Logic and the Demands of Kantian “Science”

Logic and the Demands of Kantian “Science”

(p.141) 5 Logic and the Demands of Kantian “Science”
Kant and the Science of Logic

Huaping Lu-Adler

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Kant’s account of logic in the Critique, analyzing his claim that pure general logic is formal, properly scientific, and complete. It distinguishes three aspects of formality, in virtue of which this logic differs from particular logic, applied logic, and transcendental logic and thereby satisfies one necessary condition of a proper science, namely having a unique subject matter. The chapter then explicates the completeness claim as a philosophical claim about logic qua strict science. Drawing on Kant’s account of what it takes to prove a system of pure concepts of the understanding as complete and his caution against the dialectical illusion of using formal logic as an organon, the chapter argues that, to avoid begging questions, he needs a sort of transcendental critique to establish his logic as complete in content and restrict its use to that of a mere canon for the formal assessment of our cognitions.

Keywords:   logical formality, transcendental logic, canon, organon, dialectical illusion, critique, reason, pure concepts, completeness

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