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Kant and the Science of LogicA Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction$
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Huaping Lu-Adler

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190907136

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190907136.001.0001

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The Nature and Place of Logic

The Nature and Place of Logic

A History of Controversies

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 The Nature and Place of Logic
Source:
Kant and the Science of Logic
Author(s):

Huaping Lu-Adler

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190907136.003.0003

This chapter sketches a history of philosophy of logic from Aristotle, along with Epicurus and the early Stoics, to the late sixteenth century. The analysis revolves around the (supposedly) scientific status of logic on the one hand and its utility on the other. Following clues found in Kant’s works, the chapter explains how key questions about the nature and place of logic evolved over time. It tracks down a range of historically significant positions, represented by Avicenna, Averroës, Thomas Aquinas, and William of Ockham among others. In so doing, the discussion pays special attention to the newly developed conceptual apparatus, such as logica naturalis versus logica artificialis, logica utens versus logica docens, and scientia realis versus scientia rationalis. These distinctions would eventually come to fruition in Christian Wolff’s theory of logic, arguably the most formative source as well as a major target of Kant’s.

Keywords:   science, art, organon, canon, dialectic, natural logic, artificial logic, metaphysics, terminist logic, humanist reform

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