The Struggle for Sexual Self-Determination
Chapter 5 considers threats to sexual self-determination through case studies of FGM/C in Egypt, trafficking in the Philippines, and child marriage in India.Persisting patterns of denial of self-determination over sexuality and marriage result from state complicity with local patriarchal elites, honor cultures, and suppression of women’s agency. Sexual slavery is most characteristic of patriarchal states, but often lags in sectors of emerging economies. Violations of self-determination such as trafficking or forced marriage may also resurface in all types of gender regimes when the society or community experiences a severe crisis such as war, radical regime change, forced migration, natural disaster, or economic collapse. We will map the incidence of these violations of bodily self-determination, analyze the causal dynamics, illustrate patterns of abuse, and expose the dilemmas for rights reform. In each case, we will trace responses in the international regime, law, and human rights campaigns.
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