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Behavioral Law and Economics$
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Eyal Zamir and Doron Teichman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190901349

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190901349.001.0001

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Judicial Decision-Making

Judicial Decision-Making

Chapter:
(p.525) 15 Judicial Decision-Making
Source:
Behavioral Law and Economics
Author(s):

Eyal Zamir

Doron Teichman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190901349.003.0016

This chapter discusses the rich behavioral research on judicial decision-making. It opens with general theories of the cognitive process of judicial decision-making, focusing on the story model and coherence-based reasoning. It examines how various heuristics and biases—such as the compromise and contrast effects, hindsight bias, omission bias, and anchoring—are reflected in judicial decision-making. Special attention is given to the limited ability of fact-finders to disregard inadmissible evidence, the interactions between race and judicial decision-making, the role of non-consequentialist moral judgments in judicial decision-making, and the impact of the choice between rules and standards on the predictability of judgments. Finally, the chapter discusses two fundamental questions in the behavioral analysis of judicial decision-making: group decision-making, and decision-making by judges (as opposed to laypersons).

Keywords:   judicial decision-making, compromise effect, contrast effect, hindsight bias, omission bias, anchoring, inadmissible evidence, rules versus standards, group decision-making

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