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Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental HealthAddressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools$
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James C. Raines

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190886578

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190886578.001.0001

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Specific Learning Disorder

Specific Learning Disorder

Chapter:
(p.131) 4 Specific Learning Disorder
Source:
Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health
Author(s):

James C. Raines

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0004

Students with specific learning disorder (SLD) account for 35% of all students receiving special education services. In the DSM-5, SLD combines four previous diagnoses into one. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) agree that children should be excluded from being diagnosed if the disorder is primarily due to environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. They differ on the DSM-5’s exclusion for the lack of proficiency in the language of instruction. Schools can screen for SLD using the testing or the dual-discrepancy model of response to intervention (RTI). Assessment requires a comprehensive evaluation by the school. Students with SLD often suffer from poor social skills and low self-esteem. Intervention may be titrated according to the student’s level of need using multitiered systems of support. Collaborating with teachers, parents, and community providers is especially important for these students. A case example illustrates how an ecological approach can help students grow and learn.

Keywords:   assessment, DSM-5, dual discrepancy, English learners, learning disabilities, multitiered systems of support (MTSS), response to intervention (RTI), self-esteem, social-emotional learning, specific learning disorder (SLD)

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