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Tax, Inequality, and Human Rights$
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Philip G. Alston and Nikki R. Reisch

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190882228

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190882228.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2019

Transparency, Tax, and Human Rights

Transparency, Tax, and Human Rights

Chapter:
(p.237) Chapter 10 Transparency, Tax, and Human Rights
Source:
Tax, Inequality, and Human Rights
Author(s):

Miranda Stewart

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190882228.003.0011

This chapter explores tax transparency in the context of previous governmental, private, and civil society initiatives about transparency of the last thirty years. There has been a particular focus on transparency as a mechanism to enforce taxation of large multinational enterprises (MNEs) and to ensure tax compliance by high wealth individuals, with a specific goal of addressing tax avoidance and evasion especially through the hiding by such taxpayers of income and assets in tax havens. In addition to the promotion of transparency as a key strategy for global tax enforcement, transparency has also been aimed variously at ending corruption and abuse of power by private and public agents or entities; disciplining the fiscal actions and processes of governments by constraining spending or reducing taxes; strengthening financial and other markets; building participatory democracy; protecting human rights; supporting economic development and good governance in general; and ensuring compliance with environmental and other global policies.

Keywords:   tax transparency, taxation, multinational enterprises, tax compliance, tax avoidance, tax evasion, tax havens, global tax enforcement, human rights, taxpayers

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