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Deaf Education Beyond the Western WorldContext, Challenges, and Prospects$
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Harry Knoors, Maria Brons, and Marc Marschark

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190880514

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190880514.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2019

Deaf Education Beyond the Western World: An Introduction

Deaf Education Beyond the Western World: An Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Deaf Education Beyond the Western World: An Introduction
Source:
Deaf Education Beyond the Western World
Author(s):

Harry Knoors

Maria Brons

Marc Marschark

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190880514.003.0001

This introductory chapter outlines the case for focusing on deaf education beyond the Western world. Research into the effectiveness of educational approaches for deaf learners needs to be ecologically situated, because the geopolitical context in which the research is carried out will influence the results. To improve education for deaf and hard-of-hearing children in countries beyond the Western world, it is not sufficient simply to apply research results obtained in countries in the West. To do so is to ignore the specific political, economic, and cultural contexts in a given situation, risking a mismatch between findings and needs or, at worst, the potential to do significant harm, either in the short term or the long term. Rather, we must focus on the specific, local contexts in which deaf education is situated, together with any international obligations that might influence how education is to be conducted in these contexts. To build a context for the interpretation of the chapters in this volume, attention is given to the relationship between poverty and disability, to international policy frameworks influencing educational practices all over the globe, to the worldwide advocacy of inclusive education, and to development cooperation. In addition, data are given about the prevalence of hearing loss in children in Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and Middle and Latin America.

Keywords:   prevalence, Western world, poverty, disability, international policy, development cooperation

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