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Exploring Nanosyntax$
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Lena Baunaz, Liliane Haegeman, Karen De Clercq, and Eric Lander

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190876746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190876746.001.0001

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Word Order and Nanosyntax

Word Order and Nanosyntax

Preverbal Subjects and Interrogatives Across Spanish Varieties*

Chapter:
(p.250) Chapter 10 Word Order and Nanosyntax
Source:
Exploring Nanosyntax
Author(s):

Antonio Fábregas

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190876746.003.0010

This chapter explores how the size of stored exponents can account for word order facts in the nanosyntactic framework. Three Spanish varieties are considered; these varieties differ in the availability of preverbal subjects in interrogative sentences. The most restrictive one, European Spanish, disallows them all; Mérida (Venezuela) Spanish allows some under restrictive conditions, whereas Dominican Spanish allows them all. It is argued that the differences follow from the size of the subject agreement exponent and, crucially, whether it is the element that spells out the interrogative force of the sentence: The smaller the stored exponent is, the more available preverbal subjects in interrogative sentences are.

Keywords:   interrogatives, subjects, word order, Spanish, microparametric variation, wh-elements, participant, finiteness

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