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Sacred StimulusJerusalem in the Visual Christianization of Rome$
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Galit Noga-Banai

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190874650

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190874650.001.0001

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Jerusalem in Rome

Jerusalem in Rome

(p.140) 4 Jerusalem in Rome
Sacred Stimulus

Galit Noga-Banai

Oxford University Press

This chapter is about representations of contemporary constructions of earthly Christian Jerusalem in fifth-century Rome. Once the apostolic history of Rome had become visible in the city, and Rome had turned into a pilgrimage destination, where the faithful celebrated the commemoration of the local Roman martyrs, Jerusalem was welcomed to perform on stage, embraced by the strong arms of Peter and Paul. Thus, additional translations of relics from Palestine to Rome, as well as distinct appearances of Jerusalem and Bethlehem in mosaic decoration (S. Pudenziana; S. Maria Maggiore) and possibly architecture (S. Stefano Rotondo), will form the core of discussion. I will show how innovative Roman combinations of Rome and Jerusalem, as well as configurations of Rome as the “Promised Land,” were designed to reinforce the supreme position of Rome and its Apostolic See both in the present and at the End of Days.

Keywords:   Prudentius, S. Hippolytus, S. Pudenziana, S. Maria Maggiore, S. Stefano Rotondo, Richard Krautheimer, relics of St. Stephen, concentric churches, Kathisma church, Leo I

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