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The Reformation of ProphecyEarly Modern Interpretations of the Prophet & Old Testament Prophecy$
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G. Sujin Pak

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190866921

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190866921.001.0001

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Christological Exegesis and the Interpretation of Metaphors in Old Testament Prophecy

Christological Exegesis and the Interpretation of Metaphors in Old Testament Prophecy

Chapter:
(p.283) 8 Christological Exegesis and the Interpretation of Metaphors in Old Testament Prophecy
Source:
The Reformation of Prophecy
Author(s):

G. Sujin Pak

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190866921.003.0009

In identifying the history of Christ and the Gospel as the prime content of sacred history, Luther exhibited widespread Christological exegesis of the Old Testament prophets. Calvin read the original histories of the Old Testament prophets analogically to serve as a mirror of God’s providential activity with the church. Metaphor in particular functioned in distinctly different ways in their exegeses. While for Luther, Old Testament metaphors overwhelmingly pointed to the advent of Christ and the Gospel, for Calvin, metaphors—in direct distinction from allegorical reading—served as visual signposts of meaning precisely delimited by authorial intention, the prophet’s historical context, and the literary properties of the text. Such distinctions become consolidated along confessional lines in the next generation so that Christological exegesis and the interpretation of the Old Testament metaphors served as a prime site of Lutheran and Reformed confessional polemics.

Keywords:   Christological exegesis, metaphor, literal, analogy, allegory, Luther, Calvin, Aegidius Hunnius, David Pareus, Lord’s Supper/Eucharist

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