Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Unredeemed LandAn Environmental History of Civil War and Emancipation in the Cotton South$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Erin Stewart Mauldin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190865177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190865177.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 August 2019

Intensifying Production

Intensifying Production

Chapter:
(p.71) 3 Intensifying Production
Source:
Unredeemed Land
Author(s):

Erin Stewart Mauldin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190865177.003.0004

Wartime damage intensified cotton production among small farmers. The disappearance of livestock, the increase in rates of animal diseases, and the lack of fencing materials meant that more farmers penned stock. Lapses in cultivation reinvigorated the land through crop rotation and vegetative regrowth, but this created false hopes for cotton yields at a time when preexisting debt posed enormous economic risk. The practice of shifting cultivation became less frequent throughout, but the fertilizers used to replace it did not halt erosion or correct soil-nutrient imbalances in the same way. Intensification gradually worsened farmers’ prospects. The environmental changes wrought by the war meant that southerners faced the “reconstruction” of their agricultural landscape without several cornerstones of the antebellum land-use regime. White farmers had to operate within the environmental limitations they had previously been able to circumvent, causing them to abandon food and livestock production in favor of cotton.

Keywords:   hog cholera, deforestation, logging, fertilizer, land abandonment, livestock, cotton, yeomen, open range, agricultural science

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .