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9 Months In, 9 Months OutA Scientist's Tale of Pregnancy and Parenthood$
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Vanessa LoBue

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190863388

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190863388.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 July 2020

The Third Month

The Third Month

The Dangers of Teratogens

(p.35) 3 The Third Month
9 Months In, 9 Months Out

Vanessa LoBue

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the development of the fetus in the third month of pregnancy. As the author faces the inevitable lifestyle changes that come with being pregnant, she discusses the dangers of various teratogens (i.e., toxins) for the developing fetus. Specifically, she discusses the effects of over-the-counter drugs, alcohol, smoking, maternal stress, anxiety, and depression on a fetus. Relatedly, the timing of how these toxins might affect a fetus is discussed, stressing the importance of development in the first trimester, when most of the important anatomy is forming, using the classic examples of spina bifida and the harmful effects of thalidomide.

Keywords:   teratogens, fetal alcohol syndrome, spina bifida, thalidomide, first trimester, pregnancy

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