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Pan-Islamic ConnectionsTransnational Networks Between South Asia and the Gulf$
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Christophe Jaffrelot and Laurence Louer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190862985

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190862985.001.0001

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The Long Shadow of the State

The Long Shadow of the State

The Iranian Revolution, Saudi Influence, and the Shifting Arguments of anti-Shi‘a Sectarianism in Pakistan

(p.217) 10 The Long Shadow of the State
Pan-Islamic Connections

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

Oxford University Press

Studies on the conflict between Sunnis and Shi‘as in Pakistan tend to single out intellectual influences emerging from the Arab monarchies of the Gulf as the paradigm for how sectarian ideas have spread more broadly. Yet, Simon Fuchs shows that the focus on Saudi Arabia does not capture the important entanglement of further influences stemming from the Gulf with local dimensions of sectarianism in Pakistan. Local Sunni scholars, although connected to Saudi Arabia, built their own brand of anti-Shiism. After the 1979 Iranian revolution, sectarian arguments based on Salafi-Wahhabi doctrines and emphasizing the doctrinal incompatibility between “proper” Islam and Shiism gave way to more political arguments, as the new Islamic Republic was seen as threatening the identity and the nature of the Pakistani state.

Keywords:   Arab monarchies of the Gulf, Anti-Shi‘a sectarianism in Pakistan, Sectarian ideas, Sectarianism in Pakistan, Anti-Shiism, 1979 Iranian revolution, Salafi-Wahhabi doctrines, Pakistani state

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