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Rentier IslamismThe Influence of the Muslim Brotherhood in Gulf Monarchies$
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Courtney Freer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190861995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190861995.001.0001

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Politicians or Preachers?

Politicians or Preachers?

The Development of Rentier Islamist Agendas in a Post-Arab Nationalist Era

Chapter:
(p.69) 5 Politicians or Preachers?
Source:
Rentier Islamism
Author(s):

Courtney Freer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190861995.003.0005

This chapter continues tracing the development of the Muslim Brotherhood affiliates in Kuwait, Qatar, and the UAE. It focuses on the period of expansion of the Brotherhood after the fall of Arab Nationalism from the 1970s through the 1990s, with a view to how Ikhwan movements used their ties with governments and their social appeal to earn more popular support. It presents case studies of Brotherhood activities within Kuwait, Qatar, and the UAE during this period to show that the forms adopted by Brotherhood movements in the super-rentiers, similar to Ikhwan elsewhere in the region, were dictated by the political opportunities available to them. Opportunities became increasingly available to Ikhwan branches in the Gulf with the fall of Arab nationalism, which had been the Brotherhood’s primary ideological rival. Contrary to the predictions of rentier state theory, Brotherhood groups managed to establish themselves even as super-rentier governments were expanding welfare packages to citizens throughout the 1970s.

Keywords:   Arab nationalism, Muslim Brotherhood, Islamism, rentierism, Gulf politics

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