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The Politics of Police ReformSociety against the State in Post-Soviet Countries$
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Erica Marat

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190861490

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190861490.001.0001

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A Comparative Perspective

A Comparative Perspective

Transformative Violence around the World

(p.175) Chapter 9 A Comparative Perspective
The Politics of Police Reform

Erica Marat

Oxford University Press

Chapter 9 applies the book’s main theoretical argument outside the post-Soviet region, examining competitive authoritarian regimes in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America. The chapter focuses on the local dynamics of authoritarian policing in democratic countries, as well as outbursts of democratic activism in deeply authoritarian states where the rationale for the use of force has been contested by bottom-up mobilization. Case studies of police transformation as a result of violence and subsequent public pressure are examined in the United States, Tunisia, Moldova and Mongolia. The chapter also analyzes instances of backlash in Venezuela, where public protests resulted in the expansion and toughening of state policing.

Keywords:   police reform, police violence, United States, Tunisia, Moldova, Mongolia, Venezuela

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