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Making ChangeYouth Social Entrepreneurship as an Approach to Positive Youth and Community Development$
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Tina P. Kruse

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190849795

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190849795.001.0001

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The Social Opportunity Gap

The Social Opportunity Gap

Chapter:
(p.78) 8 The Social Opportunity Gap
Source:
Making Change
Author(s):

Tina P. Kruse

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190849795.003.0010

This chapter reviews principles and examples of social capital, as well as linking the theory into the model of youth social entrepreneurship. Like other forms of capital, an unequal distribution of social capital is associated with other gaps and with reduced chances for change in the future. In fact, social capital is tied closely to social mobility, the central American belief that one’s birth status is not a predetermination of wealth. Not only is there a yawning gap in the social capital of youth from high-income versus low-income households in America, but low-income youth of color also are disproportionately less likely to be able to participate in upward social mobility. This chapter connects social capital, collective hope, and youth social entrepreneurship.

Keywords:   social capital, social mobility, American Dream, collective hope, social class

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