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Trade BattlesActivism and the Politicization of International Trade Policy$
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Tamara Kay and R.L. Evans

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190847432

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190847432.001.0001

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Politicization and Framing

Politicization and Framing

Linking Environmental and Labor Rights

(p.64) 4 Politicization and Framing
Trade Battles

Tamara Kay

R. L. Evans

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how labor and environmental activists initially came together to broaden a labor-environmental rights frame during the fight over fast-track reauthorization in Congress. It explores how environmental activists utilized framing strategies to legitimize environmental critiques of trade liberalization and then to construct an expanded labor-environmental rights frame with labor activists that strengthened both movements’ anti-NAFTA message. The chapter looks at how anti-NAFTA organizations built their grassroots coalition and promulgated the new labor-environmental rights frame across a wide spectrum of organizations within it. It then examines how environmentalists used their alliances with other members of the anti-NAFTA coalition and members of Congress to gain legitimacy and concessions among trade officials and negotiators, ultimately forcing them to recognize and include environmental protections in the trade agreement itself.

Keywords:   trade, NAFTA, politicization, framing, environmental organizations, labor rights, environmental protections, fast-track reauthorization, coalitions, internationalism

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