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Handbook of Adolescent Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy$
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Jennifer E. Lansford and Prerna Banati

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190847128

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190847128.001.0001

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HIV Prevention Among Adolescents

HIV Prevention Among Adolescents

What Have We Learned and Where Are We?

(p.380) 19 HIV Prevention Among Adolescents
Handbook of Adolescent Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Audrey Pettifor

Hamsa Subramaniam

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the latest information on HIV prevention among adolescents globally. An estimated 5.4 million young people aged 15–24 are living with HIV, accounting for 15% of the total burden of persons living with HIV worldwide. Adolescent girls and young women aged 15–24 years are at particularly high risk of HIV infection. This chapter reviews the latest evidence on HIV prevention interventions, including behavioral interventions; school-based sexuality education; adolescent-friendly health services; HIV testing, including the latest testing modalities; voluntary medical male circumcision; and antiretroviral therapy for prevention. Major challenges and success factors of successful prevention programs to date are reviewed. Also reviewed are key gaps in knowledge regarding HIV prevention and areas for improved prevention among adolescents.

Keywords:   HIV prevention, adolescents, sexuality education, HIV testing, voluntary medical male circumcision, ART for prevention, antiretroviral therapy

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