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Identity, Conflict and Politics in Turkey, Iran and Pakistan$
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Gilles Dorronsoro and Olivier Grojean

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190845780

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190845780.001.0001

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The Transformation of a Conflict in the Diaspora

The Transformation of a Conflict in the Diaspora

Sikhs, Muslims and the British State

(p.95) 5 The Transformation of a Conflict in the Diaspora
Identity, Conflict and Politics in Turkey, Iran and Pakistan

Christine Moliner

, Adrian Morfee
Oxford University Press

This chapter assesses the role of the political context bringing a transformation of identity rankings in diasporas. Specifically, it studies the role played over the past 15 years by British state policies in the transformation of relationships between two migrant communities originating from South Asia: Sikhs and Muslims. Each community shares antagonistic representations of the other, based on past conflicts, such as the Partition. What they perceive as a hereditary antagonism is not simply imported but transformed in the diaspora by several local variables. Among these, British integration policy toward ethnic minorities is a key factor. While striving since 2005 to foster “community cohesion,” it actually tends to exacerbate the competition between migrant communities related to the allocation of resources, both symbolic and material.

Keywords:   diasporas, British state policies, migrant communities, Sikhs, Muslims, hereditary antagonism, British integration policy, ethnic minorities, community cohesion

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