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Norman Anderson and the Christian Mission to Modernize Islam$
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Todd Thompson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190697624

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190697624.001.0001

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Covert Operations and Nation-Building in North Africa During World War II

Covert Operations and Nation-Building in North Africa During World War II

Chapter:
(p.63) 3 Covert Operations and Nation-Building in North Africa During World War II
Source:
Norman Anderson and the Christian Mission to Modernize Islam
Author(s):

Todd M. Thompson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190697624.003.0004

This chapter provides an account of Norman Anderson’s participation in World War II and his influence on Britain’s approach to the ‘Libyan Question’. It places Anderson’s involvement in Britain’s intelligence services and his organization of covert operations amongst prominent Libyan exiles in its cultural, religious and political contexts and shows how Anderson’s wartime experience shaped his views of Arab nationalism and provided him a degree of prestige in the Arab world. During the war, Anderson partnered with members of the Sanusi Order, a Sufi Muslim order popular in North Africa. After the war, he helped advocate for an independent Libyan state under British protection with the head of the Sanusi Order serving as head of state in a constitutional monarchy.

Keywords:   Nation-building in North Africa, World War II, Norman Anderson, Libyan question, Libyan exiles, intelligence services, Arab Nationalism, Sanusi Order, Sufi Muslim, Constitutional monarchy

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