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The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973The USSR's Military Intervention  in the Egyptian-Israeli Conflict$
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Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190693480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190693480.001.0001

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The Ultimate Test of Ashraf Marwan

The Ultimate Test of Ashraf Marwan

(p.327) 29 The Ultimate Test of Ashraf Marwan
The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973

Isabella Ginor

Gideon Remez

Oxford University Press

Israeli and US intelligence had ample field reports of Soviet as well as Egyptian and Syrian war preparations well before Yom Kippur, 6 October 1973, but these were disregarded in favor of an unchanged assessment that an Arab offensive was unlikely – among other reasons, for assumed lack of Soviet support. One cause was the priority assigned to the input of “Mossad spy” Ashraf Marwan, who did not relay a warning until after the mass evacuation of Soviet advisers’ dependents from Egypt and Syria on 4 October provided an unmistakable indication. It was, however, misinterpreted as signaling Soviet dissociation from the impending offensive. Marwan’s warning came too late for effective mobilization of Israeli reserves, and also included a spurious assurance that the USSR was not involved. In a continuing internecine Israeli controversy about Marwan’s role, this supports the claim that he acted as an efficient Egyptian double agent.

Keywords:   Soviet Navy, Mossad, Ashraf Marwan, Anwar Sadat, Andrey Gromyko, Henry Kissinger, David Elazar, Zvi Zamir, Yom Kippur War

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