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The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973The USSR's Military Intervention  in the Egyptian-Israeli Conflict$
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Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190693480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190693480.001.0001

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Withdrawn Regulars Conceal “Banished” Advisers

Withdrawn Regulars Conceal “Banished” Advisers

(p.275) 24 Withdrawn Regulars Conceal “Banished” Advisers
The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973

Isabella Ginor

Gideon Remez

Oxford University Press

The figure usually (but never officially) given for Soviet military personnel repatriated from Egypt in the summer of 1972 – 15-20 thousand – is much greater than the highest number of individual advisers and technicians ever posted there. It represents the manpower of the regular Soviet formations, mostly the 18th Air Defense Division, who were stationed there since 1969-1970 in “Operation Kavkaz,” and were now repatriated in an agreed withdrawal once Egyptian crews were trained to replace them. This chapter begins to describe how the misleading concept was inculcated whereby the advisers, who actually remained, were supposedly expelled. as the result of a rift between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and his allies in Moscow due to the latter’s refusal, as part of détente, to provide offensive weapons for an offensive against Israel.

Keywords:   Egypt, USSR, United States, Détente, 18th Air Defense Division, SAM-3, MiG-21, Operation Kavkaz, Anwar Sadat, Henry Kissinger

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