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The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973The USSR's Military Intervention  in the Egyptian-Israeli Conflict$
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Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190693480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190693480.001.0001

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A New Phase from March ’69?

A New Phase from March ’69?

(p.101) 8 A New Phase from March ’69?
The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973

Isabella Ginor

Gideon Remez

Oxford University Press

The start of the Egyptian-Israeli War of Attrition is usually dated 8 March 1969, when Egypt launched a massive artillery bombardment at the Bar-Lev Line and Nasser supposedly declared transition from “active defense”’ to this new phase. This chapter examines the actual continuity with earlier stages. It also addresses the transition from the leadership of Levi Eshkol to Golda Meir and the change in US policy management from the Johnson to the Nixon Administration, especially the rise of Henry Kissinger and Soviet moves to exploit his ambitions by means of a “back channel.” On the ground, Soviet advisers were reinforced and although it remains unclear whether they initiated the resumption of warfare, they supported the continuous hostilities that went on from this point. They especially encouraged live-fire training by means of cross-canal raids in increasingly large formations.

Keywords:   Abdel Moneim Riad, War of Attrition, Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger, Anatoly Dobrynin, Sagger anti-tank missile

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