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The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973The USSR's Military Intervention  in the Egyptian-Israeli Conflict$
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Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190693480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190693480.001.0001

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Facing the Bar-Lev Line

Facing the Bar-Lev Line

(p.91) 7 Facing the Bar-Lev Line
The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973

Isabella Ginor

Gideon Remez

Oxford University Press

The artillery exchanges in September-October 1968 settled the controversy with the Israeli command in favor of “static” defense, that is a system of hardened fortifications along the Suez Canal that would become known as the Bar-Lev Line after Chief of Staff Chaim Bar-Lev. It was constructed over the following months with little disruption by the Egyptians and Soviets. One reason for this failure was the reorganization process of the Egyptian array along the canal into two army corps instead of one. Another was the replacement of the chief Soviet adviser Petr Lashchenko by his much inferior deputy, Ivan Katyshkin. However, Soviet airmen took an increasing role in Egyptian operations. This accelerated US agreement to sell Israel F-4 Phantom jets, which in turn motivated the Soviets to prepare for direct intervention against this superior weapon.

Keywords:   War of Attrition, Chaim Bar-Lev, Bar-Lev Line, Petr Lashchenko, Ivan Katyshkin, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, F-4 Phantom

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