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The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973The USSR's Military Intervention  in the Egyptian-Israeli Conflict$
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Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190693480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190693480.001.0001

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Holding the Line on the Suez Canal

Holding the Line on the Suez Canal

(p.17) 2 Holding the Line on the Suez Canal
The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973

Isabella Ginor

Gideon Remez

Oxford University Press

During a high-profile visit by Soviet head of state Nikolay Podgorny in June 1967, a desperate Egyptian President Nasser offered to formally join the Warsaw Pact in exchange for direct Soviet support of Egypt’s shattered forces. Moscow balked at such a formal commitment but took advantage of Nasser’s offer of free use of Egyptian air and naval bases. A military delegation led by Chief of Staff Matvey Zakharov took advantage of renewed hostilities in early July to establish presence of Soviet naval units and marines to stabilize the defense of the Suez Canal against further Israeli advance. The Soviet Navy’s Mediterranean squadron, which had been massively reinforced and activated in the run-up to the June war, was now officially created as a permanent formation opposite the US Sixth Fleet.

Keywords:   Nikolay Podgorny, Matvey Zakharov, Suez Canal, Port Said, Soviet Navy, Soviet marines, Fifth Eskadra, Warsaw Pact, Gamal Abdel Nasser

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