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Cabals and SatiresMozart's Comic Operas in Vienna$
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Ian Woodfield

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190692636

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190692636.001.0001

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Dynastic Alliances

Dynastic Alliances

The Genesis of Don Giovanni

(p.71) 2 Dynastic Alliances
Cabals and Satires

Ian Woodfield

Oxford University Press

The onset of the Austro-Turkish War had a major impact on opera in Vienna, as Joseph II decided on economic grounds to close one of his two companies, bringing to an end two years of intertroupe rivalry. His choice fell on the Singspiel ensemble which was instructed to disband. On the political front, two dynastic Habsburg marriages had to be scheduled in haste: between Archduke Franz, nephew of Joseph II, and Elisabeth von Württemberg, who was sponsored by Catherine the Great of Russia, and between Maria Theresia, the emperor’s niece, and Prince Anton of Saxony. Three festive operas were commissioned: Martín y Soler’s L’arbore di Diana, Salieri’s Axur, and Mozart’s Don Giovanni. In the growing political turmoil, Mozart’s commission was not ready in time, and Joseph II ordered that Figaro be given instead.

Keywords:   Mozart, Martín y Soler, Figaro, Don Giovanni, L’arbore di Diana, Joseph II, Franz, Maria Theresia, Prague, Laxenburg

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