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Out in TimeThe Public Lives of Gay Men from Stonewall to the Queer Generation$
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Perry N. Halkitis

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190686604

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190686604.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2019

(Hyper) Masculinity

(Hyper) Masculinity

Chapter:
(p.107) Chapter 6 (Hyper) Masculinity
Source:
Out in Time
Author(s):

Perry N. Halkitis

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190686604.003.0007

The identity development of gay men, their coming out, and their well-being is influenced by hypermasculinity, which permeates American society. Such conceptions of masculinity foster aggressiveness of men toward women and sexual minority men in the form of homophobia and homonegativity. Many gay men also adopt hypermasculine conceptions defining their manliness by social behavior, sexual prowess, and muscularity, a condition fueled by the heterosexism of American society. Gay men who espouse hegemonic masculinity often do so as a means of passing and covering—they stereotype sexual roles and diminish those within the population who do not adhere to these rigid gender norms. While this is evident across generations, the Queer Generation has been most vociferous in challenging the rigidity of hypermasculinity and expressing greater ease and comfort in adapting traditionally feminine attributes, representations, and behaviors. As a result a more inclusive and advanced conception of what it means to be a man is evidenced in younger gay men.

Keywords:   masculinity, hypermasculinity, hegemonic masculinity, toxic masculinity, muscularity, covering, passing, sexual role

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