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My Enemy's EnemyIndia in Afghanistan from the Soviet Invasion to the US Withdrawal$
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Avinash Paliwal

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190685829

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190685829.001.0001

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Friends from North, Foes from South

Friends from North, Foes from South

India, United Front, and the Hijacking of Flight IC-814

(p.115) 5 Friends from North, Foes from South
My Enemy's Enemy

Avinash Paliwal

Oxford University Press

The United Front’s relationship with India was anything but that of ‘dependency’. In limited in capacity and separated by geography, India was arguably the least important cog in the Iran-Russia-India triumvirate that gave covert military support to the UF. Even though the India-UF relationship withstood various Taliban and Pakistani military onslaughts, its long-term sustainability was in doubt among Indian policymakers. One incident that gave an impetus to this relationship — but also underlined its limitations — however, was the hijacking of Indian Airlines flight IC-814 in December 1999. The incident further strengthened partisans who wanted to wage an active proxy war against Pakistan and theTaliban. Occurring in the wake of nuclearization of South Asia in 1998, the India-Pakistan conflict in Kargil in 1999, and Pakistani military presence in Afghanistan, Indian diplomacy on Afghanistan in the second half of 1990s is highly indicative both of its strategic resolve and limits of influence.

Keywords:   United Front, India UF relations, India Russia relations, India Iran relations, Iran Russia relations, Indian Airlines hijack, Flight IC814, South Asian nuclearization, Kargil conflict 1999, Pakistan Afghanistan relations

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