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The Handbook of Culture and Psychology$
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David Matsumoto and Hyisung C. Hwang

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190679743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190679743.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2019

Social Representations of History as Common Ground for Processes of Intergroup Relations and the Content of Social Identities

Social Representations of History as Common Ground for Processes of Intergroup Relations and the Content of Social Identities

Chapter:
(p.586) 18 Social Representations of History as Common Ground for Processes of Intergroup Relations and the Content of Social Identities
Source:
The Handbook of Culture and Psychology
Author(s):

James H. Liu

Dario Páez

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190679743.003.0018

Social representations of history (SRH) provide symbolic resources enabling a society or culture to communicate what has worked for it in the past when facing challenges today. SRH (or collective memories) enrich process-oriented psychology with content that moderates and provides mediators for culture-general theories. They are produced by nation-states to provide a “warrant of antiquity” that legitimizes their claims to sovereignty. SRH are considered as a form of narrative for national or global identity, with schematic narrative templates casting groups or individuals as heroes and villains in the psyche of peoples, from which lessons can be drawn. Through the World History Survey and national case studies, this chapter illustrates how collective memory retains from the past only that which is still capable of living in the consciousness of the groups in the present, and, through a continual process of selection, interpretation, and retention enables both continuity and change in managing social identities.

Keywords:   social representations, collective remembering, collective memories, history, social identity, narratives, schematic narrative templates, national identity, historiography, historical charter

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