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Regulating the PollutersMarkets and Strategies for Protecting the Global Environment$
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Alexander Ovodenko

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190677725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190677725.001.0001

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Consumers and Intermediate Producers in the Phase-out of Agricultural and Industrial Ozone-Depleting Substances

Consumers and Intermediate Producers in the Phase-out of Agricultural and Industrial Ozone-Depleting Substances

Chapter:
(p.68) Chapter 3 Consumers and Intermediate Producers in the Phase-out of Agricultural and Industrial Ozone-Depleting Substances
Source:
Regulating the Polluters
Author(s):

Alexander Ovodenko

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190677725.003.0003

The chapter analyzes the impact of downstream consumer markets on environmental regime design by explaining why wealthy countries have successfully phased out industrial ozone-depleting substances (ODS) but not an agricultural pesticide known as methyl bromide under the Montreal Protocol, despite the 2005 phase-out deadline for that pesticide. Since the analysis focuses on the regulation of different sectors under the same treaty, it isolates the impact of markets without the threat of major confounding variables interfering with the conclusions. It emphasizes competitive pressures and the structure of intermediate producers in the industrial and agricultural markets employing ODS to explain why methyl bromide has been handled differently from industrial refrigerants. The findings illustrate the impacts of consumer preferences and market competition on the investments of fluoro-product companies and, in turn, on the policies of wealthy countries and rules in the ozone regime.

Keywords:   methyl bromide, Montreal Protocol, ozone-depleting substance, refrigerant, regulation

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