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One Nation, Two RealitiesDueling Facts in American Democracy$
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Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190677176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190677176.001.0001

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A Theory of Intuitive Epistemology

A Theory of Intuitive Epistemology

Chapter:
(p.139) 8 A Theory of Intuitive Epistemology
Source:
One Nation, Two Realities
Author(s):

Morgan Marietta

David C. Barker

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190677176.003.0008

Chapter 8 argues that implicit foundations of knowledge vary systematically across citizens, creating disparate perceptions of reality. In other words, we do not end up with the same answers because we do not begin with the same questions. If values carry epistemology in this fashion, this helps account for how preferred values are projected onto perceived facts. The authors provide a theory of intuitive epistemology and describe the results of an empirical study examining how different value priorities lead to distinct habitual questions, which in turn drive fact perceptions. If applied epistemology varies systematically among citizens (in a predictable fashion grounded in competing value systems), this will create opposing perceptions of reality. An empirical study finds substantial support for this theory of intuitive epistemology across a range of dueling fact perceptions.

Keywords:   epistemology, intuitive epistemology, Tetlock, intuitive prosecutor, care, equality, sanctity, loyalty, authority, vaccine

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