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Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology$
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Hans-Olov Adami, David J. Hunter, Pagona Lagiou, and Lorelei Mucci

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190676827

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190676827.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 April 2020

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer

Chapter:
(p.459) 19 Ovarian Cancer
Source:
Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology
Author(s):

Penelope M. Webb

Susan J. Jordan

David J. Hunter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0019

Apart from oral contraceptive use and, possibly, breastfeeding, there are few readily modifiable risk factors for ovarian cancer. There is little evidence for a role of diet while smoking appears to increase risk of mucinous ovarian tumors only. It is likely that obesity has a modest effect on risk, although this may be limited to the nonserous subtypes and/or women who do not use menopausal hormones, while the possible risk-reduction associated with use of aspirin has yet to be confirmed in prospective studies. It is unclear whether physical activity influences ovarian cancer risk. Together with the poor prognosis and the lack of procedures available for population-based routine screening, the lack of modifiable risk factors underscores the need for further research on preventable causes of ovarian cancer in addition to advances in treatment.

Keywords:   ovarian cancer, epidemiology, reproductive factors, hormones, lifestyle, diet

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