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The Great Game in West AsiaIran, Turkey and the South Caucasus$
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Mehran Kamrava

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190673604

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190673604.001.0001

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Turkey’s Energy Policy in the Middle East and South Caucasus

Turkey’s Energy Policy in the Middle East and South Caucasus

(p.83) 4 Turkey’s Energy Policy in the Middle East and South Caucasus
The Great Game in West Asia

Gareth M. Winrow

Oxford University Press

While much has been written on Turkey’s energy policy and attempts to become a significant regional power, less attention has been focused on how Ankara has sought to combine foreign policy goals and energy policy objectives. This chapter addresses how energy could be exploited to boost Turkey’s credentials as a major regional actor. It discusses the linkages between energy policy and foreign policy with regards to Turkey, and its position as a major energy consumer, especially dependent on crude oil and gas imports, is examined. Turkey’s ambitions are to become an energy transit state and hub with a particular focus on gas. Turkey’s energy policy in the Middle East and South Caucasus is examined and complicating factors are considered, including the role of Russia. Although the importance of energy in Turkey’s regional policy should not be overstated, it is evident that energy has been used to further foreign policy objectives.

Keywords:   Turkey energy policy, Ankara foreign policy, Ankara energy policy, Crude oil, Turkey gas imports, Turkey regional power, Foreign policy objectives, Energy transit state

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