This chapter examines issues of sexual victimization in schools. It discusses the complexity of definitions of sexual victimization in light of shifting societal norms and expectations. The chapter takes a nuanced approach to issues of sexual assault, victimization due to sexual orientation or gender identity, and sexual humiliation or sexual predatory behaviors as they relate to various forms of bullying, harassment, victimization, and discrimination. It discusses the interrelations between school climate and sexual harassment, the vulnerability of certain groups to being targeted for such harassment (e.g., sexual minorities such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer [LGBTQ]). The chapter also explores issues of sexual harassment in schools as they relate to issues of patriarchal and religious cultures and examines differences in sexual victimization among cultural groups in Israel, both on the level of the individual student and on the school level.
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