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Bullying, School Violence, and Climate in Evolving ContextsCulture, Organization, and Time$
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Ron Avi Astor and Rami Benbenisthty

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190663049

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190663049.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 August 2019

Victimization

Victimization

Patterns and Interrelationships of Behaviors

Chapter:
(p.29) Chapter 3 Victimization
Source:
Bullying, School Violence, and Climate in Evolving Contexts
Author(s):

Ron Avi Astor

Rami Benbenishty

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190663049.003.0003

This chapter examines the definitions of bullying and school violence, suggesting that the use of the term “bullying” needs to be more specific and concrete, referring to behaviors that are intended to cause social, physical, emotional, sexual, or property damage. The chapter presents a wide range of victimization types that vary widely in terms of their prevalence in schools, their nature, and the severity of their impact on victims. It presents factor analyses that examine the relationships among different types of behaviors and reveal six distinct yet interrelated categories: verbal (e.g., humiliating), physical (e.g., pushing and shoving), threats, indirect social (e.g., spreading mean rumors), sexual, and cyber. Additionally, the chapter uses latent class analysis to examine how different groups of students experience multiple types of bullying and school victimization. Four groups (classes) were identified, each with a different profile of student background characteristics.

Keywords:   bullying, school violence, latent class analysis, social victimization, physical victimization, emotional victimization, sexual victimization

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