This chapter describes skin disorders primarily associated with hazardous workplace exposures. These exposures include physical insults, chemical substances, and biological agents that effect the skin by direct contact. Chapter sections feature contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, dermatologic infectious diseases, and skin cancer. All sections include a discussion of public health importance, populations at risk, diagnosis, etiologic agents, and prevention based on a recent review of the scientific literature. National data sources provided incidence and prevalence rates for each of these major categories of skin disorders, although some categories had limited data. Contact dermatitis is the most common occupational skin disorder and has been studied more extensively than the other skin disorders. Thus, the contact dermatitis section is more detailed than the other sections and includes data on economic impact and prognosis of occupational contact dermatitis.
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