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Estrogens and MemoryBasic Research and Clinical Implications$
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Karyn M. Frick

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190645908

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190645908.001.0001

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Oral Contraceptive Effects on Cognition

Oral Contraceptive Effects on Cognition

(p.378) 21 Oral Contraceptive Effects on Cognition
Estrogens and Memory

Soniya Assudani Patel

Courtney McQuade

Robert S. Astur

Oxford University Press

Oral contraception (OC) has been a common method of birth control for decades, yet the effects of this hormone manipulation on cognition are largely unknown. Although some studies have addressed this subject, efforts to make definitive conclusions are hampered by methodological issues including variations in OC type and hormone constituents, inconsistencies in cognitive tasks used, and insufficient power to detect effects. This chapter will review existing data on the effects of OCs on verbal memory, spatial memory, and emotional memory. It ends by considering ways in which to improve the methodological approaches used in studies of OCs to enable a better understanding of the ways in which these exogenous hormone treatments may influence cognitive function.

Keywords:   oral contraception, oral contraceptives, ethinyl estradiol, cognition, verbal memory, spatial memory, emotional memory, menstrual cycle, human

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