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The Place of WordsThe Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution$
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Michael P. Fitzsimmons

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190644536

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190644536.001.0001

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An Orphaned Dictionary in Republican France

An Orphaned Dictionary in Republican France

Chapter:
(p.73) 4 An Orphaned Dictionary in Republican France
Source:
The Place of Words
Author(s):

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0004

The close association of the Académie with the monarchy had been an asset during the National Assembly, but under the republic it was a heavy liability. As the one-year anniversary of the overthrow of Louis XVI approached, the National Convention urgently sought to suppress the Académie, which it did on August 8, 1793, taking the edited manuscript copy of the dictionary into its custody. Although it had abolished the body, the Convention wished to see a new edition of the dictionary appear, so after a public call for one did not produce any results, it commissioned Jean-Joseph Smits and Claude-François Maradan to bring it to completion. Its importance was heightened by a change in language policy in which the Convention sought to eradicate patois and make French the exclusive language of the republic.

Keywords:   National Convention, abbé Henri Grégoire, Dominique-Joseph Garat, Jean-Joseph Smits, Claude-François Maradan, patois, Joseph Lakanal, écoles centrales

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