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The Democratic Coup d'État$
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Ozan Varol

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190626013

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190626013.001.0001

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Hogan’s Heroes

Hogan’s Heroes

Chapter:
(p.26) 4 Hogan’s Heroes
Source:
The Democratic Coup d'État
Author(s):

Ozan O. Varol

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0004

This chapter defines the key terms used throughout the book: military, military coup, and popular revolution. The military, also known as the armed forces, is the state institution responsible for defending a nation’s borders. Importantly, the military is a separate institution from the state’s security forces. Although journalistic and historical accounts often conflate the military with the security forces, they serve distinct functions. Although most nations employ various measures to keep the military subservient to the civilian government, those measures are effective only if the military chooses to follow them. When the military disregards those measures and unleashes its coercive power against the sitting head of state, the result is a coup d’état. The definition of a coup ordinarily requires that its perpetrators come from a state institution such as the domestic military. Although many features of coups are also present in revolutions and popular movements, the definition of a military coup excludes these events because they are perpetrated by the masses, not members of the military.

Keywords:   military, armed forces, 2013 coup in Egypt, military coup, coup d’état, revolution, Mohamed Morsi, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkish Independence War

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