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Relational InequalitiesAn Organizational Approach$
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Donald Tomaskovic-Devey and Dustin Avent-Holt

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190624422

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190624422.001.0001

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Social Closure

Social Closure

Chapter:
(p.134) 6 Social Closure
Source:
Relational Inequalities
Author(s):

Donald Tomaskovic-Devey

Dustin Avent-Holt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190624422.003.0006

Social closure is a process through which some groups, implicitly or explicitly, draw categorical boundaries around themselves and others to monopolize resources. Social closure has two faces: opportunity-hoarding for actors’ categorical in-group and exclusion of the out-group. We explore closure case studies around criminal records, occupational licensing, education, non-compete employment contracts, job segregation, sexual harassment, access to science and technology jobs, and discrimination based on race, gender, sexual orientation, and religion. The case studies also highlight the important role of organizational and institutional variation in the degree and incidence of closure processes. We conclude that closure processes can be challenged by usurpationary movements, institutional regulation, and interactional resistance.

Keywords:   social closure, exclusion, opportunity-hoarding, criminal record, occupational licensing, education, job segregation, sexual harassment, discrimination

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