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Leipzig After BachChurch and Concert Life in a German City$
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Jeffrey S. Sposato

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190616953

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190616953.001.0001

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Mendelssohn and the Transformation of Leipzig Musical Culture

Mendelssohn and the Transformation of Leipzig Musical Culture

Chapter:
(p.231) 4 Mendelssohn and the Transformation of Leipzig Musical Culture
Source:
Leipzig After Bach
Author(s):

Jeffrey S. Sposato

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190616953.003.0004

This chapter is the third of three chapters to look at the relationship between a Thomaskantor, who oversaw the church music, and a Kapellmeister (music director) of the public concerts. Thomaskantor Moritz Hauptmann and Kapellmeister Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy are examined. Mendelssohn was hired in 1835 to move the Gewandhaus orchestra away from light, popular fare and toward artistic, canonical music. When Thomaskantor Christian Theodor Weinlig died in 1842, Mendelssohn arranged for his friend Hauptmann to fill the position. Hauptmann shared Mendelsson’s vision of canonical music, so that church music moved in this stylistic direction. The chapter concludes by noting that the concert format Mendelssohn favored as Gewandhaus director, consisting of lighter fare in the first half (often involving a soloist), an intermission, and a complete symphony or other major work in the second half, provided the model for classical concerts as we experience them today.

Keywords:   Thomaskantor, Kapellmeister, Moritz Hauptmann, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Christian Theodor Weinlig, Gewandhaus orchestra

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