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The Traffic Systems of Pompeii$
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Eric E. Poehler

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190614676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190614676.001.0001

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The Development of Pompeii’s Urban Street Network

The Development of Pompeii’s Urban Street Network

(p.22) 2 The Development of Pompeii’s Urban Street Network
The Traffic Systems of Pompeii

Eric E. Poehler

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 explores the present understanding of Pompeii’s evolution by disassembling the apparent patchwork of grids across the city and reconsiders the presumed awkwardness in their adhesion. To do this, the traditional tools of formal analysis—street alignments and block shapes—are employed with and critiqued by the stratigraphic evidence recovered in the last three decades of excavation below the 79 CE levels. The result is an outline of the development of Pompeii’s urban form as a series of street networks: from the archaic age, through the period of the “hiatus” of the fifth and fourth centuries BCE, to a reorganization of the city’s space so profound that it can genuinely be considered a refoundation, and finally to the adjustments of a refounded city in the Colonial, Augustan, and post-earthquake(s) periods.

Keywords:   chronology, street network, excavation, evolution, block shape, grid plan, formal analysis, pre-Roman, aesthetics, quarrying

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