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Affective Determinants of Health Behavior$
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David M. Williams, Ryan E. Rhodes, and Mark T. Conner

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190499037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190499037.001.0001

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Affect in the Process of Action Control of Health-Protective Behaviors

Affect in the Process of Action Control of Health-Protective Behaviors

Chapter:
(p.21) 2 Affect in the Process of Action Control of Health-Protective Behaviors
Source:
Affective Determinants of Health Behavior
Author(s):

Ryan E. Rhodes

Samantha M. Gray

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0002

Preventing chronic disease is critical for society. Behavioral factors are often responsible for explaining much of chronic disease etiologies, yet engagement in health-protective behaviors is low. Intention to engage in behavior has been considered a critical determinant of behavior, and is supported by ample correlational evidence. Nevertheless, much of the correspondence between intention and behavior is among nonintenders who subsequently do not act; there is considerable variability in behavior performance for intenders. Thus, action control—the translation of positive intentions into behavior—is a crucial consideration for health behaviors. This chapter proposes several pathways in which affect may determine action control for protective behaviors such as physical activity and healthy eating. The three main affective processes include reflective affect, manipulated affect through volitional regulation, and reflexive affect. Carefully designed future studies should help support or falsify several of the proposed pathways suggested in our model of affect and action control.

Keywords:   intention, translation, physical activity, healthy, eating, affective judgments, affect

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